David King, the British Foreign Office representative for the study of climate change recently stated in an event in Costa Rica, that this phenomenon constitutes a major challenge to Latin America, particularly due to the proximity to the coast of many of its major cities.
They would be affected not only because of the gradual rise of sea levels, but also because these cities are continuously facing sudden and severe storms. For this reason, the city of the future is a concept that should include the use of new technologies and services automation, as well as the promotion of profound lifestyle changes.
The city of the future should have comfortable sidewalks, bike roads and large green spaces in such a way to encourage nature enjoyment reducing “the need to buy” just as social compensation among citizens.
“I do not think we can continue with the consumption patterns we have in the twenty-first century, where we buy unnecessary items only because they represent whether we have a good or a bad quality of life,” manifested King.
Incorporation of the concept of smart city into State development policies is needed in Central and South America mostly because of the increased migration of rural people to the cities observed in these countries. It is estimated that by the year 2050 around 70% of the world population will have migrated to urban areas. King explained that to reverse this situation, living conditions at rural areas should be improved. He reiterated that the main problem is not population growth, but consumption patterns of the urban population.