Citizen participation, efficient governmental support and management play an indispensable role in the development of smart cities. In consequence, Smart cities are giving way to the proliferation of new niches for business and developments in the technology sector.
The introduction of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) into smart cities is directly contributing to improvements in people’s quality of life.
A stable and growing economy is necessary to attract investors and promote the participation and education of the population in the subjects of technology and communication.
In addition to optimizing urban production, smart cities are substantially improving the quality of their inhabitants’ lives through efficient public services, safety and sustainable energy as a result of new technologies.
The concept of a smart city is based on the European Commission’s report «Smart Cities and Communities – European Innovation Partnership 21 (2012)», which outlines energy, transport and ICT as the most important sectors for development.
There are six characteristics that define a smart city:
• Competitiveness (Smart Economy)
• Participation (Smart Governance)
• Appropriate management of natural resources (Smart Environment)
• Improved social and human capital (Smart People)
• Efficient transportation and mobility (Smart Mobility)
• Quality of life (Smart Living)
All of these aspects should be noted in order to meet the needs of citizens through new technologies and proper education.